Bio Mining

Biomining can be defined as the extraction of minerals from ores by using microorganisms. The microorganisms actually facilitate the extraction of metals from sulfide or iron-containing ores.   Metal’s solubilization process is involved in biomining and it is a combination of microbiology and chemistry. Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) to degrade the environmental contaminants into less toxic or nontoxic forms


  1. It allows us to recycle resources by extracting useful components from the waste such as metal, as compost in fertilizer, etc.
  2. If some of the Heavy metals are not degraded it can produce toxic compound and these compounds can create health hazards like asthma, lung cancer, etc.
  3. Normal Processes of incineration require a lot of energy whereas these processes do not need energy at all.
  4. These processes can be in situ and ex-situ.
  5. It is Eco-friendly and environmentally sustainable also after using this technique we can use the contaminated land for other purposes.

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